Judah ben Barzillai al-Bargeloni
- (fl. 11th-12th cent.)Spanish rabbi. He was rabbi of the community of Barcelona. He wrote numerous halakhic studies, incorporating summaries of talmudic discussions and gaonic material, as well as a commentary on the Sepher Yetzirah.
Dictionary of Jewish Biography. Dan Cohn-Sherbok.
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JUDAH BEN BARZILLAI (ha-Nasi), AL-BARGELONI — JUDAH BEN BARZILLAI ( ha Nasi ), AL BARGELONI (late 11th and early 12th century), rabbi of Barcelona. Naḥ manides claimed descent from him, referring to him as zekeni ( my ancestor ). According to one statement (responsa, Tashbeẓ, 1:15), he was a … Encyclopedia of Judaism
SAADIAH (Ben Joseph) GAON — (882–942), greatest scholar and author of the geonic period and important leader of Babylonian Jewry. Saadiah was born in Pithom (Abu Suweir), in the Faiyum district in Egypt. Little is known about his family except that his opponents slandered… … Encyclopedia of Judaism
ABRAHAM BEN ISAAC OF NARBONNE — (known as Rabi Abad; c. 1110–1179), talmudist and spiritual leader of Provence; author of Sefer ha Eshkol, the first work of codification of the halakhic commentary of southern France, which served as a model for all subsequent compilations.… … Encyclopedia of Judaism
ALFASI, ISAAC BEN JACOB — (known as Rif; 1013–1103), author of the most important code prior to the Mishneh Torah of Maimonides. In a sense, Alfasi brought the geonic period to a close. The last of the Babylonian geonim, Hai Gaon, died when Alfasi was 25 years old. Alfasi … Encyclopedia of Judaism
AL-BARGELONI (i.e. of Barcelona), ISAAC BEN REUBEN — AL BARGELONI (i.e. of Barcelona ), ISAAC BEN REUBEN (b. 1043), Spanish talmudist and liturgical poet. In a genizah fragment Al Bargeloni is described as a pupil of Ḥanokh b. Moses and must, therefore, have studied for some time in Córdoba. His… … Encyclopedia of Judaism
ASHER BEN MESHULLAM HA-KOHEN OF LUNEL — (late 12th century), Provençal talmudist; known as the Rosh of Lunel. He was the son of meshullam b. jacob of Lunel and brother of aaron b. meshullam of Lunel. He lived an ascetic life and was referred to as a parush ( hermit ) by Benjamin of… … Encyclopedia of Judaism
MOSES BEN JOSEPH BEN MERWAN LEVI — (12th century), one of the renowned scholars of Narbonne. Moses belonged to a distinguished family. His grandfather was very pious, a man of substance and of good deeds, benefiting Israel with his wealth, and causing many evil decrees to be… … Encyclopedia of Judaism
RABBI, RABBINATE — The title rabbi is derived from the noun rav, which in biblical Hebrew means great and does not occur in the Bible; in its later sense in mishnaic Hebrew, however, the word rav means a master as opposed to a slave (e.g., does a slave rebel… … Encyclopedia of Judaism
PHILOSOPHY, JEWISH — This article is arranged according to the following outline: WHAT IS JEWISH PHILOSOPHY? recent histories of jewish philosophy biblical and rabbinic antecedents bible rabbinic literature hellenistic jewish philosophy philo of alexandria biblical… … Encyclopedia of Judaism
SPAIN — (in Hebrew at first אספמיא then ספרד), country in S.W. Europe. The use of the word Spain to denote Sepharad has caused some confusion in research. Spain came into being long after the Jews had been expelled from the Crowns of Castile and Aragon,… … Encyclopedia of Judaism